Internal models should reflect the nature, scale and complexity of the underlying businesses; they should be proportional in sophistication to the materiality of the risks they cover. Materiality levels should be determined by stakeholders based on the model’s purpose. Practical considerations for models include usability, reliability, timeliness, process effectiveness, systems and cost efficiency. There should be an acceptable tradeoff between accuracy and the various practical constraints.
Further, European supervisors considered the causes of failures (and near-failures) of a number of insurers and their analysis showed that the causes were mostly associated with inappropriate risk decisions resulting from underlying internal failures rather than inadequate capitalisation per se.
This task poses demands at every level: individual companies, global groups, regulators, governments, rating agencies, and international institutions.
This presentation is based on research (Internal Models Benchmarking Study 2008) carried out on behalf of the Chief Risk Officer Forum by Oliver Wyman.
This paper is part of a series of work by the CRO Forum under their Best Risk Management Practices initiative.The paper outlines important principles and considerations that should be part of best risk management practice for the management of liquidity risk within an insurance company. The primary focus of this paper is the management of liquidity risk where the company bears the risk, as opposed to the policyholder.