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2009 – The CRO Forum

Yearly Archives: 2009


CRO Forum responses Wave 3 Consultation

There is need for an appropriate balance between controlling risk, ensuring practicability for issuers of these products and also respecting the principle of “freedom of investment” (priority: medium) The advice in this paper should be balanced between 2 important Principles in the Directive: “Prudent Person” (Art 132) and also “Freedom of Investment” (Art 133).

2009-12-10T10:19:49+00:00December 10th, 2009|

Solvency II Calibration

This document is a follow-up to our position paper published last May: ‘Calibration Principles for the Solvency II Standard Formula”. The paper provides our recommendation on the methodology to calibrate market risk correlation factors as well as a counterproposal for the correlation matrix as suggested by CEIOPS in its Consultation Paper n°74. The final chapter of this document also briefly addresses the correlations for non-market risk.

2017-05-10T20:05:29+00:00December 4th, 2009|

Internal Model Myths

For a long time, many (re)insurance companies have realized the need for risk-based valuations and solvency capital measurement and have started developing internal economic capital models which suit their needs. This is without prompting from regulators and rating agencies. Why? Such models provide a common measurement basis across all risks (e.g. same methodology, time horizon, risk measure, level of confidence, etc.) and are a powerful tool for strategic decision-making, for example in capital allocation and pricing.

2009-09-01T12:38:20+00:00September 1st, 2009|

Solvency II: all models all internal…but some

Under Solvency II, (re)insurance companies have the option to elect the Standard Model as defined under Solvency II or apply for approval to use Internal Models. Regulatory authorities have spent a lot of time and attention on the admissibility requirements for granting Internal Model approval.

2017-05-10T20:05:29+00:00September 1st, 2009|

Press release on Solvency II

The Forum strongly believes the directive represents an important step toward implementing an advanced supervisory and solvency framework which will help strengthen the European insurance industry. The Forum now urges the European Commission to introduce clear and effective implementing measures that will deliver the directive's basic principles.

2009-06-11T07:12:53+00:00June 11th, 2009|

Internal Model Admissibility

Internal models should reflect the nature, scale and complexity of the underlying businesses; they should be proportional in sophistication to the materiality of the risks they cover. Materiality levels should be determined by stakeholders based on the model's purpose. Practical considerations for models include usability, reliability, timeliness, process effectiveness, systems and cost efficiency. There should be an acceptable tradeoff between accuracy and the various practical constraints.

2017-05-10T20:05:29+00:00May 1st, 2009|

Calibration Principles

The Solvency II standard formula to calculate a company's Solvency Capital Requirement should present a balancing act between various targets such as simplicity, risk sensitivity and robustness. The CRO Forum believes the main principles of the current standard formula, namely to asses the sensitivity with respect to all material risk factors and to aggregate capital requirements allowing for diversification, are appropriate for this purpose and moreover set incentives towards risk mitigation strategies.

2009-05-01T07:31:04+00:00May 1st, 2009|

Risk management response to financial crisis

The CRO Forum is pleased to announce this thought leadership paper - insurance risk management response to the financial crisis. Through our group of large international (re)insurance companies, we are working together to identify best [...]

2017-05-10T20:05:29+00:00April 2nd, 2009|