The purpose of this paper is to raise general awareness of the sustainability challenges related to the extraction of oil sands. In addition, the paper sets out possible ways of how (re-)insurance companies, from a risk management perspective, could address business transactions in relation to oil sands. It should be noted that the paper does not present any technical, legal, financial or underwriting views.
The purpose of this paper is to raise general awareness of the issues related to APMs and cluster munitions and the consequent reputation risks. In addition, the paper sets out possible ways of how (re-)insurance companies, from a risk management perspective, could address business transactions in relation to APMs and cluster munitions.
In light of the heightened regulatory interest in Recovery and Resolution, this CRO Forum Paper highlights the good risk management practices that insurers should undertake to avoid the requirement for resolution
In this discussion paper the CRO Forum provides a set of standards that could be applied by insurance undertakings with respect to conducting a self assessment of risk and capital solvency called Own Risk and Solvency Assessment (‘ORSA’).
The Euro area crisis of 2011 has stirred up a certain amount of thought and publication on how to deal with the potential consequences of a possible break-up of the monetary union. In light of these events, the CRO Forum investigates the potential risk management considerations that companies could take with the objective of limiting the potential impact by providing considerations to improve companies’ responsiveness to adversity.
Economic Capital Models (“ECMs”) are a hot topic of discussion within the insurance industry: what is the target level of confidence?
As a consequence of globalisation, public expectations have risen that businesses should behave responsibly and accountably in terms of minimizing their environmental and social footprint. Even though this footprint is low for the insurance industry due to the service nature of its operations, headline risk has nonetheless increased.
This best practice paper details considerations and best practices on how these principles can be applied to the extrapolation of interest rates, equity and interest rate implied volatility and in situation in which an option has been written on a security for which no liquidly traded options exist at all.
The CRO Forum's views on the consequences for Enterprise Risk Management and regulation in the insurance industry.
For a long time, many (re)insurance companies have realized the need for risk-based valuations and solvency capital measurement and have started developing internal economic capital models which suit their needs. This is without prompting from regulators and rating agencies. Why? Such models provide a common measurement basis across all risks (e.g. same methodology, time horizon, risk measure, level of confidence, etc.) and are a powerful tool for strategic decision-making, for example in capital allocation and pricing.